Overview of Bone Cancer:
Bone cancer is a type of malignancy that can affect both children and adults and develop in any bone in your body.
Most cancers that originate in bone tissue are sarcomas and it can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly
affects the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs. Cancer can also be spread from another location to the bone,
known as secondary bone cancer or metastatic bone cancer, but this isn't considered actual bone cancer because it doesn't
originate in the bones. Some types of bone cancer occur primarily in children, while others affect mostly adults. if you effected with bone cancer you need to take treatment immediate Dr. CS. Ranjit Kumar MBBS, DNB (Gold Medal), DM (JIPMER) is senior bone cancer doctors in Hyderabad. Our cancer specialist team will take care about each patient and do treatment with advanced equipment.
Know more about Types of Bone Cancers:
There are several types of primary bone cancers. Benign bone tumours (i.e., those that do not spread) include osteomas,
osteoblastomas, and osteochondromas. These types of bone tumours usually are treated surgically.
The most common type of malignant (i.e., cancerous) bone tumour are osteosarcoma, which most often develops in the bones of the
arms, legs, and pelvis.
Other types of bone cancer include the following -
- Chondrosarcoma starts developing in the cartilage and mainly affects the pelvis, legs, and arms
- Chordoma usually develops in the spine and the base of the skull.
- Ewing's sarcoma tumour often develops in the chest walls, long bones of the arms and legs.
- Fibrosarcoma usually develops in other types of connective tissue [e.g., ligaments, tendons]) but can start
in the arms, legs, or jaw.
- Giant cell tumour may be benign but usually develops in the bone of the legs or arms especially near the
- Malignant fibrous histiocytoma which starts in soft tissue, but can occur in bones, particularly the arms
Symptoms of bone cancer:
Symptoms of bone cancer vary from person to person, but the pain and cause a limp in the bone that's most common affected sign
and some cases, a lump develops on the bone. Bone cancer most often occurs in the long bones of the body, like those in your
arms and legs.
Other symptoms can include -
- Tenderness or swelling around the affected area.
- Fractures due to bone weakness.
- Anemia (reduced red blood cell count).
- Unintentional weight loss.
Bone Cancer Treatment and procedures:
Treatment for bone cancer depends on the stage and location of the disease, and on the age and general health. We will first get to know the cancer location with the help of the cancer screening test process, later our senior most cancer specialist Dr. CS Ranjit Kumar will do excellent cancer treatment from Hyderabad, India. before start the process of treatment we have to check the history of cancer with the help of genetic testing and provide the counselling to make patient awareness on cancer. Treatment may
include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, and in many cases, a combination of treatments is used. Biologic therapy,
also called immunotherapy, which may help to restore the body's natural defences against cancer, and treatment for localized
primary bone cancer.
The main ways to treat bone cancer are -
Surgery for Bone Cancer -
The goal of surgery is to remove the entire cancerous tumour. In most cases, this involves special techniques to remove the
tumour in one single piece, along with a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it.
Radiation Therapy for Bone Cancer:
Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used before
an operation because it can shrink the tumour and make it easier to remove.
Chemotherapy for Bone Cancer:
Chemotherapy uses strong anti-cancer drugs, usually delivered through a vein (intravenously), to kill cancer cells. However, this
type of treatment works better for some forms of bone cancer than for others.
Targeted Therapy for Bone Cancer:
Targeted drugs are especially important in diseases like chordomas and other bone cancers, where chemo has not been very useful.
They may prove to be a better treatment for these cancers.
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