Overview of Brain Cancer
When malignant cancers (cancer cells) grow, they interfere in the functioning of the body, and other normal brain functions is
called the brain cancer. Tumours can start in the brain, or elsewhere can spread from different parts of the body to the brain.
General symptoms include new or increasingly strong headaches, blurred vision, loss of balance, confusion and seizures. In some
cases, there may be no symptoms. We will get to know cancer location in your brain with our cancer screening test process, our senior most cancer specialist Dr. CS Ranjit Kumar will do excellent cancer treatment from Hyderabad, India before going to treatment we do cancer genetic testing and counselling to make patient awareness on cancer. There are two types of brain cancer
Primary Brain Cancer
A brain is made up of many multiple types of cells and when any one type of cells loses its normal features, it develops into
cancer. These cells grow abnormally and turn into a cancer. That cancer which results from the abnormal growth of the brain
cells is known as primary brain cancer.
Metastatic Brain Cancer
It is a cancer which occurs in any other part of the body and then move to the brain. Some of the most common cancers that spread
to the brain are kidney, breast and lung cancers. However, it is named after the tissue from which the cancer occurs, like
metastatic kidney cancer and metastatic breast cancer
Signs and Symptoms of Brain Cancer
The symptoms of a brain tumour depend on tumour size, type, and location. Symptoms may be caused when a tumour presses on a nerve
or harms a part of the brain. Also, they may be caused when a tumour blocks the fluid that flows through and around the brain,
or when the brain swells because of the fluid. These are the most common symptoms of brain tumours
- Headaches (usually worse in the morning)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Changes in speech, vision, or hearing
- Problems balancing or walking
- Changes in mood, personality, or ability to concentrate
- Problems with memory
- Muscle jerking or twitching (seizures or convulsions)
- Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
Types of Brain Cancer
Brain tumours vary in their growth rate and ability to cause symptoms. The cells in fast growing, aggressive tumours usually
appear abnormal microscopically. The lists are the following grades:
The tissue is benign. The cells look nearly like normal brain cells, and cell growth is slow.
The tissue is malignant. The cells look less like normal cells than do the cells in a grade I tumour.
The malignant tissue has cells that look very different from normal cells. The abnormal cells are actively growing. These
abnormal-appearing cells are termed anaplastic.
The malignant tissue has cells that look most abnormal and tend to grow very fast (aggressive).
Risk Factors that affect Brain Cancer
Brain cancer occurs when there is an abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the brain. Though the exact causes of brain
cancer are unknown; genetic factors, environmental toxins, prolonged radiation, HIV infection, smoking, exposure to chemicals
like embalmers, benzene, vinyl chloride, etc. are some of the brain cancer causes.
Advanced treatment Options
The treatment options available for brain cancer in India with advanced technologies. However, the brain tumour treatment will
depend on the type, size, and location of the cancer along with patient’s age and health.
Surgery is done to remove abnormal / cancer tissue. However, it is often better not to operate in such cases where the brain
cancer is at that portion of the brain where the surgery can cause damage to the other portions. In cases, where the surgery
cannot remove all the cancer cells, it eases symptoms and makes other treatments more effective
By using high energy radiation, this therapy attempts to destroy the cancer cell's ability to function and replicate. Usually, it
is used after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that remain in the area.
By using certain drugs, doctors attempt to destroy brain cancer cells. Chemotherapy is given as tablets, or injections. Surgeons
may also place an implant containing a chemotherapy drug directly into the brain cancer cavity.
Under this, immune cells of a human body are directed towards destroying some specific cancer cell types. The therapy not only
slows down the growth of cancer cells, but it also ensures it doesn’t spread to the other part of the body.
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