Colon cancer is the cancer of the large intestine (colon/rectum), which is the final part of your digestive tract. In most cases, colon cancer doctors in Hyderabad describes that colon cancer begins as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells which is called adenomatous polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers. Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors for colon cancer treatment in Hyderabad recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer.
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:
A change in bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or also a change in the consistency of your stool, that lasts more than four weeks.
Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding
Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
A kind of feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
How to Choose the Right Treatment?
To begin, you and your doctor will have to know:
How large your tumor is and how far the cancer has spread in your body which is called the stage of your disease
How well certain treatments will work for you
The side effects of treatment
How healthy you are
The option you’d prefer
The most common treatments include:
Surgery. This is the way doctors treat most colon cancers. The best chance for a cure is by removing the tumor completely. Usually, surgeons need to remove only the part of your colon or rectum that has the tumor. Your surgeon may perform the operation with a few small cuts in your belly (called laparoscopy) instead of one long cut. You may have less pain and heal faster with this approach.
Ablation and Embolization . This type of treatment is an option for cancer that has spread to the liver. Tumours can be removed without removing them. Sometimes doctors use high-energy radio waves or electromagnetic microwaves to kill the cancer. Or they may inject the tumor with alcohol or freeze it with a metal probe. With embolization therapy, a substance is used to block blood flow to cancer in the liver.
Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy drugs can destroy cancer cells or block them from spreading throughout your body. You can take the medicines in pill form or through an IV form. You can also get them in a blood vessel close to your tumor. There are many types of these drugs. Some work better together, so you may take two or more at the same time. You usually get the treatment for 2 or 4 weeks, then take a break.
Radiation. This treatment uses high-energy waves to destroy cancer cells. You might have it before or after surgery to shrink the tumor or stop it from coming back.
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